کاربرد مدلسازی عامل مبنا در شبیه سازی تخلیه اضطراری فضاهای بسته با ارائه مطالعه موردی

نیما جانفشان عراقی, محمدایمان خداکرمی

چکیده


: مدیریت و برنامه­ریزی تخلیه اضطراری بخشی پیچیده است که هدف آن نجات جان انسانها، طراحی تسهیلات و بهینه سازی عملیات تخلیه و نجات است. انسان و رفتارهای اجتماعی او هنگام وقوع یک بحران جزء پدیده­های پیچیده بشری است و معمولاً در مکانهای دارای ازدحام جمعیت امکان وقوع بحرانهایی مانند زلزله، آتش و غیره وجود دارد که در صورت عملکرد نامناسب فضاها، تخلیه جمعیت با مشکل مواجه شده و در مواردی منجر به مصدوم شدن و یا فوت افراد نیز خواهد شد. بررسی نحوه رفتار انسان هنگام وقوع بحران(زلزله) می­تواند موجب ارزیابی دقیق­تر خسارات و تلفات وارده در ساختمان شود. در اين مقاله ابتدا به معرفي و بررسي مدلهاي شبيه­سازي تخليه اضطراري جمعيت و آخرين مطالعات انجام شده در اين زمينه پرداخته شده و پس از آن با معرفی تکنیک مدل سازی عامل-مبنا برای شبیه سازی تخلیه اضطراری و ارائه یک مطالعه موردی(کلاس درس) در شرایط پس از زلزله، نتایج حاصل مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفته است.

موضوع


تخلیه اضطراری؛ شبیه سازی؛ نرم افزار؛ مدل عامل-مبنا؛ زلزله

تمام متن:

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تماس با ما حامیان مجله تمامی حقوق این سایت متعلق به پژوهشنامه زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله است